The fauna of Santa Maria
needs to be looked at in two different parts; the terrestrial
fauna and the marine fauna.
The terrestrial fauna of the resort is mainly represented
by birds of beautiful plumage and singing, such as parakeets,
parrots, the "Rosacoli" and the "negrito"
a singing bird of the region. The local bird fauna is also
enriched by the close location of Cayo Sabinal, principal
colony of pink flamencos of the Caribeeans. Also present
are seagulls and pelicans.
The marine fauna of Santa Lucia, with the second world
largest coral barrier, is home of a large variety of marine
species. Over 500 different species of tropical fish such
as manatees (aquatic mammal threatened by extinction), oysters,
cobos, octopus, hawksbill turtles, lobsters, crabs, mollusks
and fish for greater fishing such as red snapper, tuna and
the rabirrubia can also be found.