Santa Lucia is also known
as the Hidden Eden. The tourist exploitation of its beaches
started some time after the triumph of the Cuban Revolution.
The resort was a witness of many naval battles between
Pirates and the Spanish fleets. As a result, ships belonging
to La Ruta del Oro came into the Puerto de Nuevitas to receive
their supplies therefore leaving as proof more than 25 sunken
treasures and goods.
It is in the waters of Santa Lucia and Cayo Sabinal that
the North American writer Ernest Hemingway wrote the major
part of his novel The Old Man and the Sea for which he obtained
the Nobel Prize. It could just as well have been his autobiography.
Hemingway also participated in the hunt for German sub-marines
and ships that were prowling in the area. With his own yacht
he helped sink two enemy boats.